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In the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal established the first global empire , becoming one of the world's major economic, political and military powers . [11] [12] [13] During this period, today referred to as the Age of Discovery , Portuguese explorers pioneered maritime exploration, notably under royal patronage of Prince Henry the Navigator and King John II , with such notable voyages as Bartolomeu Dias ' sailing beyond the Cape of Good Hope (1488), Vasco da Gama 's discovery of the sea route to India (1497–98) and the European discovery of Brazil (1500). Portugal monopolized the spice trade during this time, and the empire expanded with military campaigns in Asia. However, events such as the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake , the country's occupation during the Napoleonic Wars , and the independence of Brazil (1822), left Portugal crippled from war and diminished in its world power. [14]

Although Alexander Dalrymple wrote on this topic in 1786, [10] it was R. H. Major , Keeper of Maps at the British Museum , who in 1859 first made significant efforts to prove the Portuguese discovered Australia before the Dutch . [11] A group of mid-16th-century French maps, the Dieppe maps, formed his main evidence. However, there is widespread agreement today that his approach to historical research was flawed and his claims often exaggerated. [12] [13] Writing in an academic journal in 1861, Major announced the discovery of a map by Manuel Godinho de Eredia , [14] claiming it proved a Portuguese discovery of North Western Australia, possibly dated to 1601. [15] In fact, as W. A. R. Richardson points out, this map's origins are from 1630. [16] On finally locating and examining Erédia's writings, Major realised the planned voyage to lands south of Sumba in Indonesia had never taken place. Major published a retraction in 1873, but his reputation was destroyed. [17] Major's interpretation was examined critically by the Portuguese historian Joaquim Pedro de Oliveira Martins , who concluded that neither the patalie regiã on the 1521 world map of Antoine de La Sale [18] nor the Jave la Grande on the Dieppe Maps was evidence of Australia having been discovered by Portuguese visitors in the first quarter of the sixteenth century, but that this feature had found its way on to the maps from descriptions of islands of the Sunda archipelago beyond Java collected from native informants by the Portuguese. [19]

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Portuguese online dating

Portuguese online dating